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Homemade Renal Diet for Dogs

Updated: Nov 20, 2023


A homemade renal diet for dogs with kidney disease should be carefully formulated to support their specific nutritional needs. It's important to consult with a veterinarian to create a diet tailored to your dog's condition. However, here is a general guideline for a homemade renal diet for dogs.

Ingredients:

1. High-Quality Protein: While protein is essential, dogs with kidney issues may need to be on a controlled protein diet. High-quality, easily digestible protein sources like lean protein sources such as boiled chicken or turkey (in controlled amounts), egg whites or cooked eggs (good source of protein) can be added. Avoid excessive amounts of red meat.


2. Low Phosphorus: Kidney disease often leads to high phosphorus levels, so choose ingredients low in phosphorus. This is crucial as high phosphorus levels can worsen kidney function. Some options include cooked white rice or brown rice (low in phosphorus), pasta, and certain fruits and vegetables like carrots, green beans, peas (low in phosphorus) and apples.


3. Essential fatty acids (Omega-3 Fatty Acids): These help support kidney function. Foods like salmon, fish oil, flaxseed oil or flaxseeds can be good sources of omega-3 fatty acids. These can help reduce inflammation and support kidney health.


4. Supplements: Consider adding a veterinary-prescribed renal supplement to ensure your dog receives essential nutrients, including B vitamins and antioxidants.


5. Limit Salt: Too much sodium can exacerbate hypertension and fluid retention. Using low-sodium ingredients is essential. Reduce sodium intake to help manage blood pressure and fluid balance. Low-sodium chicken or vegetable broth can be added for flavor and moisture


6. Control Potassium: Depending on your dog's specific needs, you may need to control potassium intake. Foods like sweet potatoes and white rice are lower in potassium.


Preparation:

 
  1. Boil the lean protein source thoroughly to eliminate bacteria and shred it into small pieces to make it easily digestible.

  2. Hard boil the eggs, remove the shells, and chop them finely.

  3. Cook carbohydrates like rice or pasta and set aside.

  4. Steam or lightly cook the vegetables to retain their nutrients.

  5. Mix the rice, protein, eggs, and vegetables in appropriate proportions in a ratio recommended by your vet, typically around 50% protein and 50% carbohydrates.

  6. Add a small amount of omega-3 fatty acid source, as recommended by your vet.

  7. Consider adding a renal supplement according to your vet's guidance.

  8. Add a splash of low-sodium chicken or vegetable broth for flavor and moisture. 7.


Feeding Schedule:

 

Follow the feeding guidelines provided by your veterinarian, as the portion sizes will depend on your dog's size, weight, and the stage of kidney disease. It is vital to maintain proper hydration by encouraging water intake at all times. You can add water to their food, or offer wet food options.

Please note that this is a general guideline and it's essential to regularly monitor your dog's condition and work closely with your veterinarian to make any necessary adjustments to the diet. Kidney disease is a complex condition, and a tailored approach is crucial for your dog's well-being.

References:

 
  1. Polzin, D. J. (2013). Evidence-based step-wise approach to managing chronic kidney disease in dogs and cats. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23(2), 205-215.

  2. International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) Canine Guidelines: http://www.iris-kidney.com/guidelines/canine/canine1.html

  3. Brown, S. A., & Elliott, J. (2010). Calcium oxalate urolithiasis: pathophysiology and medical management. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice, 40(1), 31-45.

  4. Polzin, D. J. (2013). Evidence-based step-wise approach to managing chronic kidney disease in dogs and cats. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 23(2), 205-215.

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